Alberto Cairo is best known for his speeches on his physical rehabilitation work in Afghanistan at the International Red Cross Orthopedic clinic. He is now the current head of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). He obtained his law degree at the University of Turin, then moved on to graduating as a physiotherapist in Como. After a period of work in a Milanese hospital, Cairo moved to the city of Juda in Sudan for a period of three years, where he would begin working as a delegate for the Red Cross in Afghanistan in 1990.
Today, Cairo's projects have expanded, not only to Kabul, but to seven different centers in Mazar-i-Sharif, Jalalabad, Herat, Faizabad, Gulbahar and Lashkar Gah.